N-omega-CD3-Octadecanoyl monosialoganglioside GM3 (NH4+ salt)

CATALOG # 2052
Amount 250 ug
Price $410.00
Qty
 
N-omega-CD3-Octadecanoyl monosialoganglioside GM3 (NH4+ salt)
  • Catalog #:2052
  • Scientific Name:N-omega-CD3-Octadecanoyl monosialoganglioside GM3 (NH4+ salt)
  • Common Name:N-CD3-Stearoyl-GM3
  • Empirical Formula:C59H105D3N2O21•NH3
  • SDSView Safety Data Sheet
  • Data Sheet:View Data Sheet
  • Formula Weight:1185+NH3
  • Unit:250 ug
  • Source:semisynthetic, bovine buttermilk
  • Purity:98+%
  • Analytical Methods:TLC, identity confirmed by MS
  • Solubility:chloroform/methanol/water, 2:1:0.1; forms micellar solution in water
  • Physical Appearance:solid
  • Storage:-20°C
  • Dry Ice:No
  • Hazardous:No
  • Literature References:Application Notes:

    This deuterated ganglioside is ideal for the identification of gangliosides in samples and biological systems using mass spectrometry.1 Gangliosides2 are acidic glycosphingolipids that form lipid rafts in the outer leaflet of the cell plasma membrane, especially in neuronal cells in the central nervous system.3 They participate in cellular proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, signal transduction, cell-to-cell interactions, tumorigenesis, and metastasis.4 The accumulation of gangliosides has been linked to several diseases including Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease. GM3 is the main ganglioside of human fibroblasts and can regulate fibroblast and epidermal growth factors5 and is also able to regulate the adhesion and migration of several carcinoma cell lines. GM3 was also shown to inhibit tumor cell invasion. GM3 can induce human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells to differentiate to monocyte/macrophage lineage instead of granulocytes.6

    References:
    1. J. Gu, C. Tifft and S. Soldin “Simultaneous quantification of GM1 and GM2 gangliosides by isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry” Clinical Biochemistry, Vol. 41(6) pp. 413-417, 2008
    2. L. Svennerholm, et al. (eds.), Structure and Function of Gangliosides, New York, Plenum, 1980
    3. T. Kolter, R. Proia, K. Sandhoff “Combinatorial Ganglioside Biosynthesis” J. Biol. Chem., Vol. 277:29, pp. 25859-25862, 2002
    4. S. Birkle, G. Zeng, L. Gao, R. K. Yu, and J. Aubry “Role of tumor-associated gangliosides in cancer progression” Biochimie, Vol. 85 pp. 455–463, 2003
    5. E. G. Bremer, J. Schlessinger, and S. Hakomori “Ganglioside-mediated modulation of cell growth. Specific effects of GM3 on tyrosine phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor” J. Biol. Chem., Vol. 261 pp. 2434–2440, 1986
    6. T. Chung, H. Choi, Y. Lee, and C. Kim “Molecular mechanism for transcriptional activation of ganglioside GM3 synthase and its function in differentiation of HL-60 cells” Glycobiology, Vol. 15:3, pp. 233-244, 2004